PSYC3500 Learning and Cognition
Week 6 Quiz
Amber lives in a housing development between two parallel streets that both connect to a freeway. She usually takes the street to the south when heading southbound on the freeway to work, but that street is closed for repairs for three months. Amber takes the street to the north during that time. After the street to the south is re-opened, she continues to take the street to the north, even though it is a slightly longer route. Continuing to take the street to the north represents:
a. A single dissociation.
b. A source problem.
c. A mental set.
d. Convergent thinking.
Holly was in her mother-in-law’s kitchen preparing lunch for the family. When she was ready to dish up the soup, she searched all the cupboards and drawers for a ladle but couldn’t find one. She decided to wait until her mother-in-law returned to ask her where the ladle was, leaving the soup in the stove pot. Her mother-in-law later explained that the ladle had been broken, so she told Holly to use a coffee mug to “spoon” the soup into bowls. Holly’s ability to solve the “dish up the soup” problem was hindered by which of the following obstacles?
c. Divergent thinking.
d. Functional fixedness.
Intermediate states can be created by:
a. Restructuring initial states.
b. Restructuring goal states.
c. Creating operators.
d. Creating subgoals.
Making probable conclusions based on evidence involves_________________reasoning.
Wally and Shamika are out on a date. When Shamika asks where they should go for dinner, Wally says, “My coworkers keep telling me about that new Japanese place downtown, so it must be a great place to eat.” Wally’s response illustrates the use of:
a. An availability heuristic.
b. A confirmation bias.
c. A conjunction rule.
d. A permission schema.
If a motorcycle cop believes that young female drivers speed more than other drivers, he will likely notice young female drivers speeding in the fast lane but fail to notice young male or older drivers doing the same. In this case, the police officer’s judgments are skewed by the operation of the:
a. Permission schema.
b. Confirmation bias.
c. Falsification principle.
d. Typicality principle.
Information remains in sensory memory for:
a. Seconds or a fraction of a second.
b. 15–30 seconds.
d. As long as it is rehearsed.
Brief sensory memory for sound is known as:
a. Iconic memory.
b. Primary auditory memory.
c. Echoic memory.
d. Pre-perceptual auditory memory.
Suppose you’re on the phone with a customer support representative who gives you a ticket number for your records. You’re later transferred to a different representative who asks for your ticket number, but you’ve forgotten it. This probably occurred because the number was only temporarily stored in your:
a. Sensory memory.
b. Short-term memory.
c. Long-term memory.
d. Episodic memory.
When investigating the serial position curve, delaying the memory test for 30 seconds:
a. Has no effect on the curve.
b. Increases the primacy effect.
c. Decreases the recency effect.
d. Increases both the primacy and the recency effects.
Regarding free recall of a list of items, which of the following will most likely cause the recency effect to disappear by preventing rehearsal?
a. Inserting a 30-second delay before recall.
b. Presenting the stimulus list at a slower pace.
c. Counting backward for 30 seconds before recall.
d. Using a very long list (greater than 30 items at one item per second).
Neuropsychological evidence indicates that short- and long-term memories probably:
a. Represent different aspects of the same mechanism.
b. Are caused by different mechanisms that depend upon each other.
c. Both rely most heavily on a semantic coding mechanism.
d. Are caused by different mechanisms that act independently.
When using Summons, you can export a citation to RefWorks by:
a. Clicking the three dots in the upper right hand corner and selecting RefWorks from the dropdown menu.
b. Selecting the file icon in the upper right hand corner and then saving as.
c. Downloading the PDF of the article and then importing it into RefWorks.
d. Click the e-mail icon in the upper right hand corner and emailing it to your RefWorks account.
In EBSCO databases like PSYCArticles, you can find the APA-style reference to copy and paste by:
a. Clicking the article title, clicking the CITE article, scroll down to APA-style.
b. Clicking the article title, clicking the Create Note icon, and selecting APA.
c. Clicking the article title, the click the Save icon to save the file.
d. Clicking the article title, click the Export Icon, then select APA.
PSYC3500 Learning and Cognition