ENGINEERING COST ANALYSIS & CONTROL

mechanical engineering discussion question and need guidance to help me learn.

Please, read the power point very will and answer the homework and make 2 discussions. The first discussion: I need discussion for this (The best ways to improve group activities in an online course include having good communication with the individual teams, this including meet up times either online or in person; setting clear goals for the group; allowing for feedback through what is best for the team, i.e. changing teams or roles within the team, also keeping everyone accountable for what the were assigned or assigned to themselves). And the second discussion for the picture I uploaded below, Thank you!
Requirements: 2 days
CHAPTER 15 HOMEWORK 15-1 Balance Sheet Equation Sacks Fifth operates 197 fashion specialty retail stores in 28 states. The company’s actual data (slightly simplified) follow for its fiscal year ended June 15, 2009 (in millions of dollars): Assets, beginning of period $5,850 Assets, end of period A Liabilities, beginning of period B Liabilities, end of period 6,041 Paid-in capital, beginning of period 979 Paid-in capital, end of period C Retained earnings, beginning of period 495 Retained earnings, end of period D Revenues 8,550 Costs and expenses E Net income 613 Dividends 336 Additional investments by stockholders 152 Find the unknowns (in millions), showing computations to support your answers. 15-2 Analysis of Transactions; Preparation of Statements The Mentha Company was incorporated on July 1, 20X1. Mentha had 10 holders of common stock. Laurie Mentha, who was the president and CEO, held 49% of the shares. The company rented space in chain discount stores and specialized in selling running shoes. Mentha’s first location was a store in Centerville Mall. The following events occurred during July: A. The company was incorporated. Common stockholders invested $145,000 cash. B. Purchased merchandise inventory for cash, $55,000. C. Purchased merchandise inventory on open account, $28,000. D. Merchandise carried in inventory at a cost of $42,000 was sold for $90,000, $30,000 for cash and $60,000 on open account. Mentha carries and will collect these accounts receivable. E. Collection of a portion of the preceding accounts receivable, $25,000. F. Payments of a portion of accounts payable, $15,000. See transaction C. G. Special display equipment and fixtures were acquired on July 1 for $48,000. Their expected useful life was 48 months with no terminal scrap value. Straight-line depreciation was adopted. This equipment was removable. Mentha paid $15,000 as a down payment and signed a promissory note for $33,000. H. On July 1, Mentha signed a rental agreement with Centerville Mall. The agreement called for rent of $1,550 per month, payable quarterly in advance. Therefore, Mentha paid $4,650 cash on July 1. I. The rental agreement also called for a payment of 15% of all sales. This payment was in addition to the flat $2,350 per month. In this way, Centerville Mall would share in any success of the venture and be compensated for general services such as cleaning and utilities. This payment was to be made in cash on the last day of each month as soon as the sales for the month were tabulated. Therefore, Mentha made the payment on July 31. J. Wages, salaries, and sales commissions were all paid in cash for all earnings by employees. The amount was $30,000. K. Depreciation expense for July was recognized. See transaction G. L. The expiration of an appropriate amount of prepaid rental services was recognized. See transaction H. 1. Prepare an analysis of Mentha Company’s transactions, employing the equation approach demonstrated in Exhibit 15-1 (pg 621). Two additional columns will be needed, one for Equipment and Fixtures and one for Note Payable. Show all amounts in thousands. 2. Prepare a balance sheet as of July 31, 20X1, and an income statement for the month of July. Ignore income taxes. 3. Given these sparse facts, analyze Mentha’s performance for July and its financial position as of July 31, 20X1. 15-3 Cash Basis Versus Accrual Basis Refer to the preceding problem. If Mentha Company measured income on the cash basis, what revenue would be reported for July? Which basis (accrual or cash) provides a better measure of revenue? Why? 15-4 Debits and Credits Study Appendix 15B. Determine for the following transactions whether the account named in parentheses is to be debited or credited: 1. Sold merchandise (Merchandise Inventory), $1,000 2. Received cash from customers on accounts due (Accounts Receivable), $2,450 3. Paid rent in advance (Prepaid Expenses), $1,250 4. Borrowed money from First National Bank (Notes Payable), $12,000 5. Paid dividends (Cash), $800 6. Delivered merchandise to customers (Merchandise Inventory), $3,500 7. Paid O’Brien Associates $3,000 owed them (Accounts Payable)
8. Bought merchandise on open account (Accounts Payable), $5,400 15-5 Use of T-Accounts Study Appendix 15B. The Tennis Club had the following transactions during June: a. Sold an old computer for $175 cash and a promise to pay $250 in one month. The balance sheet value of the computer was $425 b. Collected $550 of dues in cash that had been billed in May. c. Bought a postage meter on credit for $190. d. Received the $225 promised in transaction a. 1. Set up T-accounts for the following accounts: a. Cash b. Dues Receivable c. Accounts Receivable d. Equipment e. Accounts Payable 2. Make entries for each of the four transactions into the T-accounts. Label each entry a, b, c, and d. 15-6 True or False Study Appendix 15B. Use T or F to indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false. For each false statement, explain why it is false. 1. Purchase of inventory on account should be credited to Inventory and debited to Accounts Payable. 2. Increases in asset accounts must always be entered on the right. 3. Increases in stockholders’ equity should always be entered as credits. 4. Decreases in liability accounts should be recorded on the right. 5. Debit entries must always be recorded on the left. Credit entries can be recorded either on the right or on the left. 6. Money borrowed from the bank should be credited to Cash and debited to Notes Payable. 7. Decreases in accounts must be shown on the credit side. 8. Both increases in liabilities and decreases in assets should be entered on the right. 9. Asset credits should be entered on the right and liability credits on the left. 10. Payments on mortgages should be debited to Cash and credited to Mortgages Payable. Mortgages are liabilities.

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