Sociology Chapter 4&5 – With tobacco becoming a source of income

Sociology Question
Ch. 4
With tobacco becoming a source of income for the colonist, they needed to import labor from Africa and the Caribbean. The Native American Indians didn’t want to work for the colonist. So, the colonist got into the institution of slavery. Africans came as indentured servants, not as slaves. White indentured servants came as the result of crimes they committed, because of debts, pay for their trip to the colonies, or work to start a new life and purchase property. Like most colonial territories, the crown needed people to populate their new territories. For African slaves, it would turn into permanent slavery and being under the control of their masters. As Noel suggests, “If two or more groups come together in a contact situation characterized by ethnocentrism, competition, and differential power, then some form of racial or ethnic stratification will result.”(p.104) What does Noel mean by all three? Inequality?
Robert Blauner has another take on minorities, his view has to do with his concept of “the colonization of minority groups will experience more prejudice, racism, and discrimination than those created by immigration”. Blauner uses the term “colonized minority” much like it was used by the world powers during the colonial period. We see this in the colonist relationships with Indians and Blacks. When Blauner and others suggest “voluntary immigration, what it means, if a group enters the U,S. voluntarily, they will assimilate a lot quicker. Just like the economy, if the economy is good, acceptance will be easier. If the economy is bad, this will initiate immigration policies and negative attitudes towards immigrants. Blauner’s use of “internal colonialism” to suggest that minority communities are like colonies within the United States. like the British or Spain. These empires controlled the colonies, remember, “taxation without representation”. The same can be said about minority communities, they are under the control of local, state,and the federal government. La Jolla has more power than Barrio Logan. We will see this difference in each of our groups, how minorities don’t control their communities, The Native American Indians experience this “internal colonialism” on their reservations (Acts). Indian policy was developed by Congress and the President of the United States. This was all done to assimilate the Native American Indians.
Many of us have seen “Gone With the Wind” from time to time. What it depicts are happy slaves and people watching the film get the feeling that slavery was okay. But, what was really going on? How was life for the slaves? What was the Black female slave experience? How was the slave system?
In the lecture series for chapter 4, I mentioned the Mexican American experiences in the Spanish northern territory that would become the U.S. southwest under the U.S. ideology “Manifest Destiny.” How was the southwest experience for Mexican Americans in the early years of the west? Did they have rights under the “treaty”? Did they experience ethnocentrism, prejudice, and discrimination? Which town is older than Jamestown? With this history, how would you describe the role of women in this era?
Ch. 5
In the lecture series, I discuss the growth of the industrial revolution and expansion of “American cities.’ This industrial growth would establish the United States as a country with the increase of power, along with changes in society and culture. This chapter asks’, “what affects did the industrial revolution have on African Americans, Mexican Americans, Native American Indians, and women in terms of economic and race relations? This chapter studies the period of reconstruction to WWII, and the beginning of the protest era. This would lead the African American community(and other minority groups) to two land mark decisions that would impact and change the United States. The first would be, “Brown v. Board of Education. The second would be the “Civil Rights Act of 1964.” As you will see, anytime a change like the Brown case or Education Act, there is always White resistance which we will discuss. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 would produce high expectations for change in racial conflict and the end of segregation, but it didn’t for the Black community and other minorities. This would initiate the various racial and ethnic social movements of the 60’s to the 70’s. The Black movement focused on being “Black” and the “Black culture”. Chicanos and the Chicano movement would also push political and economic change along with cultural awareness, the U.S. Chicano culture. I’m not from Mexico and I don’t have 100% of the Mexican culture. I was born in the U.S. and have the American culture and Chicano culture. thus I fit pluralism. “Brown is beautiful” like “Black is beautiful” were both calls from both groups. During this period, White young people were also marching against the old 50’s way of life, it was reaction to the height of the conservative Christian decade. Women were reacting in great numbers creating the Women’s movement. Overall, it was also a generational conflict between the older generation(parents) and young people called “baby boomers.” These groups, minorities and women, took the conflict theory model for change. As I recall, we were always talking about social issues like education, health, ecology, jobs and income, prejudice and discrimination, lack of infrastructure in many neighborhoods across the country. After this class, the next sociology class you can take is the “social issues and social problems” course. While it’s criticizing internal problems in the U.S. and changes needed, be prepared to be called “socialist.” In addition, you had the Vietnam War that was in minds of many people in the U.S. As I mentioned and will discuss, I was drafted into the Army in 1968, I believe the same year Trump was given a deferment from serving in the military. I can tell you, when you look at soldiers, men and women, many are from the lower classes and minorities. We will cover all the points made in the section throughout the class and our minority groups. A final point about industrialization made in chapter 4 and 5, large cities began to emerge, especially in the east from Chicago to Boston. The northeast is known as the industrial belt for the United States, industries required labor, housing, infrastructure, schools, small businesses, and local government. However, high density became a city characteristic and it changed social interaction, again, you have sociology classes that study “Urbanism.” and also ruralism. this is also being studied by political science today after the last two elections-Trump and Congress.
While we study industrialization, chapter 5 will discuss “de industrialization,” the U.S. economy is going towards services and information sectors(computers). How will African Americans, Latinx, Native American Indians, women, and working class workers deal with technological change. An example are the coal miners back east. Coal mining is on the decline and where will the miners work after mines are closed, or their children that can’t follow their fathers footsteps. How will also this affect SES?
Report #5. Select one of the following questions. It should be double space and typed, 1- 1 1/2 in length. Don’t forget your opinions. Include: name, report number, question number, and date.
1. Apply the Noel hypothesis to the contact situations of Native American Indians, African Americans, and Mexican Americans. Link the differences in the contact situations to the systems of group relationships that developed. This is, explain how the differences in the contact situation led to different relationships with the dominant group for each minority group.
2. Explain the role of individual prejudice and ideological racism in the creation of minority group status for Native American Indians, and Mexican Americans. How did the dominant group stereotype each of these groups, especially related to the original contact situation and the competition between the groups.
3. The experiences of conquest and colonization differed for men and women. Summarize the gender difference in the experiences of Native American Indians, African Americans, and Mexican Americans. Why did these differences occur?
4. Dominant-minority relations changes as the subsistence technology changes, explain and illustrate in terms of the impact of the industrial revolution on minority groups in the United State.
5. Discuss the origins of Black protest. Who were the main figures and what were their competing views? Relate this early period to today. What forms of protest are available now, given institutional discrimination?
6. Describe the experience of African Americans as they migrated to the urban north, include the role of labor unions, White immigrant groups, and employers.

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